A true revolutionary and an Indian nationalist leader. Subhas Chandra Bose is undoubtedly one of the prominent names that feature in the list of people who gave their lives India’s independence. View more at #Hindustan360.
Neta Ji dominated the Indian political scene for more than two decades and dazzled in his own caliber in his own distinguished way in presence of the likes of M.K. Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, M.A. Jinnah to name a few. Such was the aura of his personality and charisma of his character that his myths and legends continue till date. He is the tragic hero of Indian freedom struggle. Perhaps that is the reason why Subhash Chandra had always been fervently revered by the Indian populace.
Although initially aligned with the Indian National Congress, he was ousted from the party due to his difference in ideology. He sought assistance from Nazi leadership in Germany and Imperial forces in Japan during the World War II, to overthrow the British from India. His sudden disappearance post 1945, led to surfacing of various theories, concerning the possibilities of his survival.
Achievement of Neta ji
- After resigning Indian Civil Service, Bose returned to India on 1921 and plunged into the noncooperation movement started by M. K. Gandhi. His mentor was C.R. Das who was a spokesman for aggressive nationalism.
- His activities led to his imprisonment in December 1921. In 1924 he was elected mayor of Calcutta. Bose was soon after deported to Burma (Myanmar) because he was suspected of connections with secret revolutionary movements.
- Released in 1927, he returned to find Bengal Congress affairs in disarray after the death of Das, and shortly thereafter, Bose was elected president of the Bengal Congress. By this time Gandhi had resumed his leadership role in the Congress Party and again emerged to become Mayor of Calcutta in 1930.
- When the civil disobedience movement was started in 1930, Bose was already in detention for his associations with an underground revolutionary group, the Bengal Volunteers. Released and then rearrested several times for his suspected role in violent acts, Bose was finally allowed to proceed to Europe after a year’s detention.
- He pleaded India’s cause with European leaders like Benito Mussolini. He intended to meet Kemal Ataturk but denied permission by the Britishers. He exchanged ideas with British Labour Party leaders and political thinkers like Lord Halifax, Clement Attlee, Sir Stafford Cripps etc. Conservative politicians denied meeting him.
- He returned from Europe in 1936. By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress President. He contested and got eleceted.
- Bose’s vindication came in 1939, when he defeated a Gandhian rival Pattabhi Sitaramayya for reelection. Nonetheless, the “rebel president” felt bound to resign because of the lack of Gandhi’s support.
- In 1939 Bose organized the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Indian National Congress, aimed at consolidating the political left and radical elements of the Congress party, however it never really got the national level exposure and its strength was very much limited to Bengal.
- But he was again taken into custody by the British India Police in July 1940. His refusal to remain in prison at this critical period of India’s history was expressed in a determination to fast to death, which frightened the British government into releasing him. On Jan. 26, 1941, though closely watched, he escaped from his Calcutta residence in disguise and, traveling via Kabul and Moscow, eventually reached Germany in April.