Pahari derives from Pahar (पहाड़), referring to the Himalayan Hill Region in India, Nepal, Tibet and Pakistan which the Pahari inhabit. View more at #YesPahari.
Pahari people belongs to a great demography, classified according to slightly different languages and almost same cultures. However, we people love to stand alone with the mountains. We live with our swag. We don’t care what will happen if life is in danger at that slope and peak. Irrespective of vast geographical Pahari people have one thing in common. We are as calm as mountain and as violent as thunder.
The Himalayas extend from Jammu and Kashmir in the North of India to Arunachal Pradesh in the East of India. These states along with Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim lie mostly in the Himalayan region. Numerous Himalayan peaks rise over 7,000 m (23,000 ft) and the snow line ranges between 6,000 m (20,000 ft) in Sikkim to around 3,000 m (9,800 ft) in Kashmir. Kanchenjunga—on the Sikkim–Nepal border—is the highest point in the area administered by India.
The Himalayan range is the world’s highest mountain range, with its tallest peak Mt. Everest (8,848 metres (29,029 ft)) on the Nepal–China border. They form India’s northeastern border, separating it from northeastern Asia. They are one of the world’s youngest mountain ranges and extend almost uninterrupted for 2,500 km (1,600 mi), covering an area of 500,000 km2 (190,000 sq mi).
In India Pahari include, among many others (from west to east): Churachi, Gaddi, Kinnaura, Sirmuri (all in Himachal Pradesh); Jaunsari, Garhwali, Kumauni (all in Uttar Pradesh); There are also terms associated with specific noncaste ethnic groups and livelihoods, such as Gujjar (transhumant cattle herders, some groups of which are Hindu, others Muslim).
Reliable population figures on Pahari speakers are not available, but my estimate is in the neighborhood of 17 million: 6 million in Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, 6 million in Uttarakhand, and 5 million in Nepal. Their population density is not great, perhaps 58 persons per square kilometer, but the annual growth must be around 2.5 percent.
At a Glance: Himachal Pradesh
The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states.
When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh.
On 25th January 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State. The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttarakhand on South-East and China on the East.
- Himachal Pradesh is famous for its natural beauty, hill stations, and temples.
- Himachal Pradesh has been ranked fifteenth in the list of the highest per capita incomes of Indian states and union territories for the year 2013-14.
- Many perennial rivers flow in the state, and numerous hydroelectric projects set up.
- Himachal produces surplus hydroelectricity and sells it to other states such as Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan.
- Hydroelectric power projects, tourism, and agriculture form important parts of the state’s economy.
- According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh.
- Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation.
- The state endows with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants.
- Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country.
- The state government is gearing up to make Himachal Pradesh as the flower basket of the world.
- Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, 77 mammalians, 44 reptiles and 80 fish species.
- Life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh is 62.8 years (higher than the national average of 57.7 years) for 1986–1990.
- Himachal Pradesh thus has one of the highest proportions of Hindu population in India (95.17%).
- Some of the most commonly spoken languages are Hindi, Punjabi, Pahari, Dogri, Mandeali, Kangri and Kinnauri.
|Latitude:||30o 22’ 40″ N to 33o 12’ 40″ N|
|Longitude:||75o 45’ 55″ E to 79o 04’ 20″ E|
|Height (From mean sea Level):||350 meter to 6975 meter|
|Population [2011-Census]:||68,64,602 persons|
|Geographical Area :||55,673 sq. km|
|Density (per Sq. Km.) :||123|
|Females per 1000 Males :||974|
|Birth Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]:||22.1|
|Death Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]:||7.2|
Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. The carpets, leather works, shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba rumals, metalware, woodwork and paintings are worth appreciating. Pashmina shawl is one of the products which is highly in demand not only in Himachal but all over the country. Himachali caps are also famous art work of the people.
View more at #YesPahari